Linear forwarders


  • Philippa Gardner
  • Cosimo Laneve
  • Lucian Wischik


A \emphlinear forwarder is a process that receives one message on a channel and sends it on a different channel. We use linear forwarders to provide a distributed implementation of Milner’s asynchronous pi calculus. Such a distributed implementation is known to be difficult due to \emphinput capability, where a received name is used as the subject of a subsequent input. This allows the dynamic creation of large input processes in the wrong place, thus requiring comparatively large code migrations in order to avoid consensus problems. Linear forwarders constitute a small atom of \emphinput capability that is easy to move. We show that the full input capability can be simply encoded using linear forwarders. We also design a distributed machine, demonstrating the ease with which we can implement the pi calculus using linear forwarders. We also show that linear forwarders allow for a simple encoding of distributed choice and have “clean” behaviour in the presence of failures.


Inf. Comput., vol. 205(10), pp. 1526–1550

Publication Date

Feb 2007


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