Critias by Plato
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Plato Critias

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Critias by Plato.
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[Critias] [8] that my words may endure in so far as they have been spoken truly and
[Critias] [12] to speak truly in future concerning the generation of the gods, I pray him
[Critias] [33] satisfied with the artist who is able in any degree to imitate the earth
[Critias] [41] observe the same thing to happen in discourse; we are satisfied with a
[Critias] [43] them; but we are more precise in our criticism of mortal and human things.
[Critias] [48] more indulgence conceded to me in what I am about to say. Which favour, if
[Critias] [49] I am right in asking, I hope that you will be ready to grant.
[Critias] [54] he will make the same request which you have made. In order, then, that he
[Critias] [69] in front of you, have not lost heart as yet; the gravity of the situation
[Critias] [84] kings of Atlantis, which, as I was saying, was an island greater in extent
[Critias] [94] In the days of old, the gods had the whole earth distributed among them by
[Critias] [106] gods had their allotments in different places which they set in order.
[Critias] [108] same father, having a common nature, and being united also in the love of
[Critias] [115] who dwelt in the mountains; and they were ignorant of the art of writing,
[Critias] [122] neglect of events that had happened in times long past; for mythology and
[Critias] [127] not their actions. This I infer because Solon said that the priests in
[Critias] [130] Erichthonius, and Erysichthon, and the names of the women in like manner.
[Critias] [132] men of those days in accordance with the custom of the time set up a figure
[Critias] [133] and image of the goddess in full armour, to be a testimony that all animals
[Critias] [135] practise in common the virtue which belongs to them without distinction of
[Critias] [138] Now the country was inhabited in those days by various classes of
[Critias] [147] only probable but manifestly true, that the boundaries were in those days
[Critias] [148] fixed by the Isthmus, and that in the direction of the continent they
[Critias] [150] came down in the direction of the sea, having the district of Oropus on the
[Critias] [152] the best in the world, and was therefore able in those days to support a
[Critias] [154] which now exists may compare with any region in the world for the variety
[Critias] [156] sort of animal, which proves what I am saying; but in those days the
[Critias] [161] surrounding basin of the sea is everywhere deep in the neighbourhood of the
[Critias] [166] the mountains, as in other places, but the earth has fallen away all round
[Critias] [167] and sunk out of sight. The consequence is, that in comparison of what then
[Critias] [169] called, as in the case of small islands, all the richer and softer parts of
[Critias] [171] But in the primitive state of the country, its mountains were high hills
[Critias] [173] were full of rich earth, and there was abundance of wood in the mountains.
[Critias] [181] an abundant supply in all places, and receiving it into herself and
[Critias] [182] treasuring it up in the close clay soil, it let off into the hollows the
[Critias] [185] in places where fountains once existed; and this proves the truth of what I
[Critias] [190] were lovers of honour, and of a noble nature, and had a soil the best in
[Critias] [191] the world, and abundance of water, and in the heaven above an excellently
[Critias] [192] attempered climate. Now the city in those days was arranged on this wise.
[Critias] [193] In the first place the Acropolis was not as now. For the fact is that a
[Critias] [197] of Deucalion. But in primitive times the hill of the Acropolis extended to
[Critias] [200] covered with soil, and level at the top, except in one or two places.
[Critias] [205] garden of a single house. On the north side they had dwellings in common
[Critias] [206] and had erected halls for dining in winter, and had all the buildings which
[Critias] [210] and built modest houses in which they and their children's children grew
[Critias] [212] the same. But in summer-time they left their gardens and gymnasia and
[Critias] [216] small streams which still exist in the vicinity, but in those days the
[Critias] [218] temperature in summer and in winter. This is how they dwelt, being the
[Critias] [226] souls, and of all men who lived in those days they were the most
[Critias] [229] For friends should not keep their stories to themselves, but have them in
[Critias] [232] Yet, before proceeding further in the narrative, I ought to warn you, that
[Critias] [236] names, and found that the early Egyptians in writing them down had
[Critias] [240] is still in my possession, and was carefully studied by me when I was a
[Critias] [241] child. Therefore if you hear names such as are used in this country, you
[Critias] [245] I have before remarked in speaking of the allotments of the gods, that they
[Critias] [246] distributed the whole earth into portions differing in extent, and made for
[Critias] [249] settled them in a part of the island, which I will describe. Looking
[Critias] [250] towards the sea, but in the centre of the whole island, there was a plain
[Critias] [252] Near the plain again, and also in the centre of the island at a distance of
[Critias] [253] about fifty stadia, there was a mountain not very high on any side. In
[Critias] [257] womanhood, when her father and mother died; Poseidon fell in love with her
[Critias] [258] and had intercourse with her, and breaking the ground, inclosed the hill in
[Critias] [264] found no difficulty in making special arrangements for the centre island,
[Critias] [276] Heracles, facing the country which is now called the region of Gades in
[Critias] [277] that part of the world, he gave the name which in the Hellenic language is
[Critias] [278] Eumelus, in the language of the country which is named after him, Gadeirus.
[Critias] [285] inhabitants and rulers of divers islands in the open sea; and also, as has
[Critias] [286] been already said, they held sway in our direction over the country within
[Critias] [292] needed, both in the city and country. For because of the greatness of
[Critias] [295] of life. In the first place, they dug out of the earth whatever was to be
[Critias] [298] in many parts of the island, being more precious in those days than
[Critias] [301] a great number of elephants in the island; for as there was provision for
[Critias] [302] all other sorts of animals, both for those which live in lakes and marshes
[Critias] [303] and rivers, and also for those which live in mountains and on plains, so
[Critias] [305] Also whatever fragrant things there now are in the earth, whether roots, or
[Critias] [307] thrived in that land; also the fruit which admits of cultivation, both the
[Critias] [315] forth fair and wondrous and in infinite abundance. With such blessings the
[Critias] [318] country in the following manner:--
[Critias] [322] very beginning they built the palace in the habitation of the god and of
[Critias] [323] their ancestors, which they continued to ornament in successive
[Critias] [327] three hundred feet in width and one hundred feet in depth and fifty stadia
[Critias] [328] in length, which they carried through to the outermost zone, making a
[Critias] [336] sea was three stadia in breadth, and the zone of land which came next of
[Critias] [339] stadium only in width. The island in which the palace was situated had a
[Critias] [341] which was the sixth part of a stadium in width, they surrounded by a stone
[Critias] [343] passed in. The stone which was used in the work they quarried from
[Critias] [348] simple, but in others they put together different stones, varying the
[Critias] [353] the red light of orichalcum. The palaces in the interior of the citadel
[Critias] [354] were constructed on this wise:--In the centre was a holy temple dedicated
[Critias] [358] the earth in their season from all the ten portions, to be an offering to
[Critias] [359] each of the ten. Here was Poseidon's own temple which was a stadium in
[Critias] [360] length, and half a stadium in width, and of a proportionate height, having
[Critias] [363] with gold. In the interior of the temple the roof was of ivory, curiously
[Critias] [365] parts, the walls and pillars and floor, they coated with orichalcum. In
[Critias] [367] in a chariot--the charioteer of six winged horses--and of such a size that
[Critias] [370] of them by the men of those days. There were also in the interior of the
[Critias] [376] altar too, which in size and workmanship corresponded to this magnificence,
[Critias] [377] and the palaces, in like manner, answered to the greatness of the kingdom
[Critias] [380] In the next place, they had fountains, one of cold and another of hot
[Critias] [381] water, in gracious plenty flowing; and they were wonderfully adapted for
[Critias] [384] cisterns, some open to the heaven, others roofed over, to be used in winter
[Critias] [393] of exercise, some for men, and others for horses in both of the two islands
[Critias] [394] formed by the zones; and in the centre of the larger of the two there was
[Critias] [395] set apart a race-course of a stadium in width, and in length allowed to
[Critias] [396] extend all round the island, for horses to race in. Also there were guard-
[Critias] [398] to keep watch in the lesser zone, which was nearer the Acropolis; while the
[Critias] [413] I have described the city and the environs of the ancient palace nearly in
[Critias] [419] even, and of an oblong shape, extending in one direction three thousand
[Critias] [423] beauty, far beyond any which still exist, having in them also many wealthy
[Critias] [433] in addition to so many others, could never have been artificial.
[Critias] [436] round the whole of the plain, and was ten thousand stadia in length. It
[Critias] [439] inland, likewise, straight canals of a hundred feet in width were cut from
[Critias] [443] fruits of the earth in ships, cutting transverse passages from one canal
[Critias] [444] into another, and to the city. Twice in the year they gathered the fruits
[Critias] [445] of the earth--in winter having the benefit of the rains of heaven, and in
[Critias] [449] As to the population, each of the lots in the plain had to find a leader
[Critias] [468] first. Each of the ten kings in his own division and in his own city had
[Critias] [469] the absolute control of the citizens, and, in most cases, of the laws,
[Critias] [473] kings on a pillar of orichalcum, which was situated in the middle of the
[Critias] [478] transgressed in anything, and passed judgment, and before they passed
[Critias] [481] left alone in the temple, after they had offered prayers to the god that
[Critias] [487] disobedient. When therefore, after slaying the bull in the accustomed
[Critias] [488] manner, they had burnt its limbs, they filled a bowl of wine and cast in a
[Critias] [489] clot of blood for each of them; the rest of the victim they put in the
[Critias] [491] bowl in golden cups, and pouring a libation on the fire, they swore that
[Critias] [493] who in any point had already transgressed them, and that for the future
[Critias] [499] he drank in the temple of the god; and after they had supped and satisfied
[Critias] [512] if any one in any of their cities attempted to overthrow the royal house;
[Critias] [513] like their ancestors, they were to deliberate in common about war and other
[Critias] [518] Such was the vast power which the god settled in the lost island of
[Critias] [521] the divine nature lasted in them, they were obedient to the laws, and
[Critias] [523] true and in every way great spirits, uniting gentleness with wisdom in the
[Critias] [524] various chances of life, and in their intercourse with one another. They
[Critias] [532] the continuance in them of a divine nature, the qualities which we have
[Critias] [541] is able to see into such things, perceiving that an honourable race was in
[Critias] [544] habitation, which, being placed in the centre of the world, beholds all