Phaedo by Plato
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Plato Phaedo

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[Phaedo] [42] winds, the time spent in going and returning is very considerable. As I
[Phaedo] [54] passed, as exactly as you can.
[Phaedo] [61] I hope that you will be as exact as you can.
[Phaedo] [69] there, and therefore I did not pity him as might have seemed natural at
[Phaedo] [119] us she uttered a cry and said, as women will: 'O Socrates, this is the
[Phaedo] [124] bent and rubbed his leg, saying, as he was rubbing: How singular is the
[Phaedo] [132] when one comes the other follows, as I know by my own experience now, when
[Phaedo] [140] have an answer ready for him, you may as well tell me what I should say to
[Phaedo] [146] rivalling him or his poems; to do so, as I knew, would be no easy task.
[Phaedo] [171] companion of his I should say that, as far as I know him, he will never
[Phaedo] [193] repeat what I have heard: and indeed, as I am going to another place, it
[Phaedo] [198] Then tell me, Socrates, why is suicide held to be unlawful? as I have
[Phaedo] [228] man should wait, and not take his own life until God summons him, as he is
[Phaedo] [258] that I ought to answer your indictment as if I were in a court?
[Phaedo] [265] place that I am going to other gods who are wise and good (of which I am as
[Phaedo] [266] certain as I can be of any such matters), and secondly (though I am not so
[Phaedo] [268] and therefore I do not grieve as I might have done, for I have good hope
[Phaedo] [269] that there is yet something remaining for the dead, and as has been said of
[Phaedo] [315] among ourselves: Do we believe that there is such a thing as death?
[Phaedo] [344] the body? He would like, as far as he can, to get away from the body and
[Phaedo] [356] having; and that he who is indifferent about them is as good as dead.
[Phaedo] [362] to say, have sight and hearing any truth in them? Are they not, as the
[Phaedo] [380] pleasure,--when she takes leave of the body, and has as little as possible
[Phaedo] [409] so orders his intellectual vision as to have the most exact conception of
[Phaedo] [418] as far as he can, of eyes and ears and, so to speak, of the whole body,
[Phaedo] [434] and fancies of all kinds, and endless foolery, and in fact, as men say,
[Phaedo] [472] And what is purification but the separation of the soul from the body, as I
[Phaedo] [475] alone, as in another life, so also in this, as far as she can;--the release
[Phaedo] [490] And, as I was saying at first, there would be a ridiculous contradiction in
[Phaedo] [491] men studying to live as nearly as they can in a state of death, and yet
[Phaedo] [511] be true, he would be very absurd, as I was saying, if he were afraid of
[Phaedo] [540] Well, he said, you are aware that death is regarded by men in general as a
[Phaedo] [569] pleasure or pain, and of the greater for the less, as if they were coins,
[Phaedo] [585] the gods. For 'many,' as they say in the mysteries, 'are the thyrsus-
[Phaedo] [586] bearers, but few are the mystics,'--meaning, as I interpret the words, 'the
[Phaedo] [637] as good and evil, just and unjust--and there are innumerable other
[Phaedo] [673] And there are many other processes, such as division and composition,
[Phaedo] [681] Well, and is there not an opposite of life, as sleep is the opposite of
[Phaedo] [752] come from the dead, just as the dead come from the living; and this, if
[Phaedo] [760] think, as follows: If generation were in a straight line only, and there
[Phaedo] [786] truly is such a thing as living again, and that the living spring from the
[Phaedo] [808] way;--I mean, if you are still incredulous as to whether knowledge is
[Phaedo] [831] lyre is not the same as the knowledge of a man?
[Phaedo] [871] as equality, not of one piece of wood or stone with another, but that, over
[Phaedo] [882] material things, such as pieces of wood and stones, and gather from them
[Phaedo] [890] But are real equals ever unequal? or is the idea of equality the same as of
[Phaedo] [944] Yes, Socrates, as far as the argument is concerned, one of them is the same
[Phaedo] [945] as the other.
[Phaedo] [959] And did we not see and hear and have the use of our other senses as soon as
[Phaedo] [984] shall always continue to know as long as life lasts--for knowing is the
[Phaedo] [1001] it but has been forgotten. Whence, as I was saying, one of two
[Phaedo] [1024] of them such as ought to be given.
[Phaedo] [1034] But when did our souls acquire this knowledge?--not since we were born as
[Phaedo] [1055] Then may we not say, Simmias, that if, as we are always repeating, there is
[Phaedo] [1062] before we were born, as that our souls existed before we were born; and if
[Phaedo] [1066] for the one as for the other; and the argument retreats successfully to the
[Phaedo] [1069] which to my mind is so patent as that beauty, goodness, and the other
[Phaedo] [1088] will exist after death as well as before birth is the other half of which
[Phaedo] [1128] Must we not, said Socrates, ask ourselves what that is which, as we
[Phaedo] [1132] soul--our hopes and fears as to our own souls will turn upon the answers to
[Phaedo] [1137] Now the compound or composite may be supposed to be naturally capable, as
[Phaedo] [1149] essence, which in the dialectical process we define as essence or true
[Phaedo] [1161] quite the reverse? May they not rather be described as almost always
[Phaedo] [1211] And were we not saying long ago that the soul when using the body as an
[Phaedo] [1230] And to which class is the soul more nearly alike and akin, as far as may be
[Phaedo] [1231] inferred from this argument, as well as from the preceding one?
[Phaedo] [1275] embalmed, as the manner is in Egypt, may remain almost entire through
[Phaedo] [1276] infinite ages; and even in decay, there are still some portions, such as
[Phaedo] [1286] will be blown away and destroyed immediately on quitting the body, as the
[Phaedo] [1300] passions and all other human ills, and for ever dwells, as they say of the
[Phaedo] [1326] the world below--prowling about tombs and sepulchres, near which, as they
[Phaedo] [1342] As loath to leave the body that it lov'd,
[Phaedo] [1383] is like their own, such as bees or wasps or ants, or back again into the
[Phaedo] [1413] own captivity. This was her original state; and then, as I was saying, and
[Phaedo] [1414] as the lovers of knowledge are well aware, philosophy, seeing how terrible
[Phaedo] [1425] pleasures and desires and pains and fears, as far as she is able;
[Phaedo] [1428] anticipated--as for example, the loss of his health or property which he
[Phaedo] [1475] he himself appeared to be meditating, as most of us were, on what had been
[Phaedo] [1493] as a misfortune, if I cannot even persuade you that I am no worse off now
[Phaedo] [1494] than at any other time in my life. Will you not allow that I have as much
[Phaedo] [1495] of the spirit of prophecy in me as the swans? For they, when they perceive
[Phaedo] [1516] certainty about questions such as these in the present life. And yet I
[Phaedo] [1523] not without risk, as I admit, if he cannot find some word of God which will
[Phaedo] [1524] more surely and safely carry him. And now, as you bid me, I will venture
[Phaedo] [1539] argue as you do, and on the same analogy, that the harmony survives and has
[Phaedo] [1557] Socrates looked fixedly at us as his manner was, and said with a smile:
[Phaedo] [1571] my judgment, unproven. Now my objection is not the same as that of
[Phaedo] [1586] lasting, because the less lasting remains. But that, Simmias, as I would
[Phaedo] [1617] All of us, as we afterwards remarked to one another, had an unpleasant
[Phaedo] [1629] for me, and, when mentioned, came back to me at once, as my own original
[Phaedo] [1634] And did he answer forcibly or feebly? Narrate what passed as exactly as
[Phaedo] [1671] I summon you rather, I rejoined, not as Heracles summoning Iolaus, but as
[Phaedo] [1674] That will do as well, he said. But first let us take care that we avoid a
[Phaedo] [1680] than this. For as there are misanthropists or haters of men, there are
[Phaedo] [1701] I mean, he replied, as you might say of the very large and very small, that
[Phaedo] [1720] no longer any faith left, and great disputers, as you know, come to think
[Phaedo] [1728] Yes, Phaedo, he replied, and how melancholy, if there be such a thing as
[Phaedo] [1759] main, that I may not deceive you as well as myself in my enthusiasm, and
[Phaedo] [1765] than the body, being as she is in the form of harmony, may not perish
[Phaedo] [1800] elements which as yet had no existence? For harmony is not like the soul,
[Phaedo] [1801] as you suppose; but first the lyre, and the strings, and the sounds exist
[Phaedo] [1803] first. And how can such a notion of the soul as this agree with the other?
[Phaedo] [1826] Having, as I am convinced, rightly accepted this conclusion, and on
[Phaedo] [1827] sufficient grounds, I must, as I suppose, cease to argue or allow others to
[Phaedo] [1957] gently; now threatening, now admonishing the desires, passions, fears, as
[Phaedo] [1958] if talking to a thing which is not herself, as Homer in the Odyssee
[Phaedo] [2004] soul enters into the body once only or many times, does not, as you say,
[Phaedo] [2011] But, said Cebes, as far as I see at present, I have nothing to add or
[Phaedo] [2026] was always agitating myself with the consideration of questions such as
[Phaedo] [2028] cold principle contracts, as some have said? Is the blood the element with
[Phaedo] [2035] absolutely incapable of these enquiries, as I will satisfactorily prove to
[Phaedo] [2039] fact as that the growth of man is the result of eating and drinking; for
[Phaedo] [2064] different cause would produce the same effect,--as in the former instance
[Phaedo] [2072] Then I heard some one reading, as he said, from a book of Anaxagoras, that
[Phaedo] [2082] the causes of existence such as I desired, and I imagined that he would
[Phaedo] [2092] for the best. For I could not imagine that when he spoke of mind as the
[Phaedo] [2093] disposer of them, he would give any other account of their being as they
[Phaedo] [2098] books and read them as fast as I could in my eagerness to know the better
[Phaedo] [2101] What expectations I had formed, and how grievously was I disappointed! As
[Phaedo] [2108] and muscles; and the bones, as he would say, are hard and have joints which
[Phaedo] [2111] and as the bones are lifted at their joints by the contraction or
[Phaedo] [2126] cannot execute my purposes. But to say that I do as I do because of them,
[Phaedo] [2132] gives the air as a support to the earth, which is a sort of broad trough.
[Phaedo] [2133] Any power which in arranging them as they are arranges them for the best
[Phaedo] [2139] But as I have failed either to discover myself, or to learn of any one
[Phaedo] [2145] Socrates proceeded:--I thought that as I had failed in the contemplation of
[Phaedo] [2147] soul; as people may injure their bodily eye by observing and gazing on the
[Phaedo] [2158] to be the strongest, and then I affirmed as true whatever seemed to agree
[Phaedo] [2160] which disagreed I regarded as untrue. But I should like to explain my
[Phaedo] [2161] meaning more clearly, as I do not think that you as yet understand me.
[Phaedo] [2179] as far as it partakes of absolute beauty--and I should say the same of
[Phaedo] [2190] manner obtained; for as to the manner I am uncertain, but I stoutly contend
[Phaedo] [2227] except by participation in its own proper essence, and consequently, as far
[Phaedo] [2228] as you know, the only cause of two is the participation in duality--this is
[Phaedo] [2231] heads than mine may answer them; inexperienced as I am, and ready to start,
[Phaedo] [2232] as the proverb says, at my own shadow, I cannot afford to give up the sure
[Phaedo] [2243] if you are a philosopher, will certainly do as I say.
[Phaedo] [2267] But still you allow that Simmias does not really exceed Socrates, as the
[Phaedo] [2269] which he has; just as Simmias does not exceed Socrates because he is
[Phaedo] [2289] I speak as I do because I want you to agree with me in thinking, not only
[Phaedo] [2295] allowing or admitting of smallness, be changed by that; even as I, having
[Phaedo] [2296] received and admitted smallness when compared with Simmias, remain just as
[Phaedo] [2297] I was, and am the same small person. And as the idea of greatness cannot
[Phaedo] [2314] opposites in the concrete, and now of the essential opposite which, as is
[Phaedo] [2319] opposites will never, as we maintain, admit of generation into or out of
[Phaedo] [2337] But are they the same as fire and snow?
[Phaedo] [2345] And yet you will surely admit, that when snow, as was before said, is under
[Phaedo] [2353] as before, fire and cold.
[Phaedo] [2367] the same as oddness, they are never without oddness?--that is what I mean
[Phaedo] [2368] to ask--whether numbers such as the number three are not of the class of
[Phaedo] [2403] Are they not, Cebes, such as compel the things of which they have
[Phaedo] [2409] I mean, as I was just now saying, and as I am sure that you know, that
[Phaedo] [2441] do not admit opposites--as, in the instance given, three, although not
[Phaedo] [2443] brings the opposite into play on the other side; or as two does not receive
[Phaedo] [2469] general, as I dare say that you will understand sufficiently without my
[Phaedo] [2495] Then the soul, as has been acknowledged, will never receive the opposite of
[Phaedo] [2559] imperishable, then the soul will be imperishable as well as immortal; but
[Phaedo] [2569] mistaken, as well as men.
[Phaedo] [2611] together with their souls. But now, inasmuch as the soul is manifestly
[Phaedo] [2618] For after death, as they say, the genius of each individual, to whom he
[Phaedo] [2624] revolutions of ages. Now this way to the other world is not, as Aeschylus
[Phaedo] [2627] the road, and windings, as I infer from the rites and sacrifices which are
[Phaedo] [2630] surroundings; but the soul which desires the body, and which, as I was
[Phaedo] [2640] habitation; as every pure and just soul which has passed through life in
[Phaedo] [2645] extent very unlike the notions of geographers, as I believe on the
[Phaedo] [2679] is the heaven which is commonly spoken of by us as the ether, and of which
[Phaedo] [2682] above on the surface of the earth; which is just as if a creature who was
[Phaedo] [2698] entire region which surrounds us, are spoilt and corroded, as in the sea
[Phaedo] [2708] The tale, my friend, he said, is as follows:--In the first place, the
[Phaedo] [2729] foulness and disease both in earth and stones, as well as in animals and
[Phaedo] [2734] region, others dwelling about the air as we dwell about the sea; others in
[Phaedo] [2736] air is used by them as the water and the sea are by us, and the ether is to
[Phaedo] [2744] and stars as they truly are, and their other blessedness is of a piece with
[Phaedo] [2753] with one another; and there flows out of and into them, as into basins, a
[Phaedo] [2772] up and down, hither and thither, over the earth--just as in the act of
[Phaedo] [2776] parts of the earth, as they are called, they flow through the earth in
[Phaedo] [2788] as far as they can, but always return and fall into the chasm. The rivers
[Phaedo] [2799] again as animals. The third river passes out between the two, and near the
[Phaedo] [2805] Tartarus at a deeper level. This is that Pyriphlegethon, as the stream is
[Phaedo] [2815] Pyriphlegethon; and the name of the river, as the poets say, is Cocytus.
[Phaedo] [2819] have sentence passed upon them, as they have lived well and piously or not.
[Phaedo] [2846] purer earth; and of these, such as have duly purified themselves with
[Phaedo] [2857] true. But I do say that, inasmuch as the soul is shown to be immortal, he
[Phaedo] [2862] having cast away the pleasures and ornaments of the body as alien to him
[Phaedo] [2868] will depart at some time or other. Me already, as the tragic poet would
[Phaedo] [2877] Nothing particular, Crito, he replied: only, as I have always told you,
[Phaedo] [2895] as I perceive, no effect upon Crito. And therefore I want you to be surety
[Phaedo] [2896] for me to him now, as at the trial he was surety to the judges for me: but
[Phaedo] [2911] about to pass the rest of our lives as orphans. When he had taken the bath
[Phaedo] [2924] sure that you will not be angry with me; for others, as you are aware, and
[Phaedo] [2929] Socrates looked at him and said: I return your good wishes, and will do as
[Phaedo] [2932] would talk to me, and was as good to me as could be, and now see how
[Phaedo] [2933] generously he sorrows on my account. We must do as he says, Crito; and
[Phaedo] [2947] Please then to do as I say, and not to refuse me.
[Phaedo] [2957] Echecrates, as his manner was, took the cup and said: What do you say
[Phaedo] [2959] man answered: We only prepare, Socrates, just so much as we deem enough.
[Phaedo] [2976] as he said, his legs began to fail, and then he lay on his back, according