PREFACE by Lord Bowden of Chesterfield v INTRODUCTION xiii PREHISTORY 1 On Alan Turing and the origins of digital computers. B. RANDELL 3 PROGRAM PROOF AND MANIPULATION 2 Some techniques for proving correctness of programs which alter data structures. R.M. BURSTALL 23 3 Proving compiler correctness in a mechanized logic. R. MILNER and R. WEYHRAUCH 51 COMPUTATIONAL LOGIC 4 Building-in equational theories. G.D. PLOTKIN 73 5 Theorem proving in arithmetic without multiplication. D.C. COOPER 91 6 The sharing of structure in theorem-proving programs. R.S. BOYER and J.S. MOORE 101 7 Some special purpose resolution systems. D. KUEHNER 117 8 Deductive plan formation in higher-order logic. J.L. DARLINGTON 129 INFERENTIAL AND HEURISTIC SEARCH 9 G-deduction. D. MICHIE, R. ROSS and G.J. SHANNAN 141 10 And-or graphs, theorem-proving graphs and bi-directional search. R. KOWALSKI 167 11 An approach to the frame problem, and its implementation. E. SANDEWALL 195 12 A heuristic solution to the tangram puzzle. E.S. DEUTSCH and K.C. HAYES, Jr 205 13 A man-machine approach for creative solutions to urban problems. P.D. KROLAK and J.H. NELSON 241 14 Heuristic theory formation: data interpretation and rule formation. B.G. BUCHANAN, E.A. FEIGENBAUM, and N.S. SRIDHARAN 267 PERCEPTUAL AND LINGUISTIC MODELS 15 Mathematical and computational models of transformational grammar. JOYCE FRIEDMAN 293 16 Web automata and web grammars. A. ROSENFELD and D.L. MILGRAM 307 17 Utterances as programs. D.J.M. DAVIES and S.D. ISARD 325 18 The syntactic inference problem applied to biological systems. G.T. HERMAN and A.D. WALKER 341 19 Parallel and serial methods of pattern matching. D.J. WILLSHAW and O.P. BUNEMAN 357 20 Approximate error bounds in pattern recognition. T. ITO 369 21 A look at biological and machine perception. R.L. GREGORY 377 PROBLEM-SOLVING AUTOMATA 22 Some effects in the collective behaviour. V.I. VARSHAVSKY 389 23 Some new directions in robot problem solving. R.E. FIKES, P.E. HART and N.J. NILSSON 405 24 The MIT robot. P.H. WINSTON 431 25 The mark 1.5 Edinburgh robot facility. 465 H.G. BARROW and G.F. CRAWFORD INDEX 481

Machine Intelligence 7

Editors:Publisher: Edinburgh University Press, 1972

- Bernard Meltzer
- Department of Computational Logic, University of Edinburgh
- Donald Michie
- Department of Machine Intelligence, University of Edinburgh
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Machine Intelligence Workshop, Edinburgh, 1971.

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